The most important favor of Allah (SWT) to mankind is to provide them guidance. Without guidance people will be lost in a darkness of various kinds. Jews and Christians were blessed with the true guidance of Allah (SWT). Many of them, however, misused this divine guidance. Let us describe their attitude towards this guidance of Allah (SWT)
Al-Baqarah # 135
They say become a Jew or a Christian so that you may be rightly guided. Say to them we follow the religion of Ibrahim (AS), the upright, and he was not of those who worshipped others along with Allah.
Hence we notice that Jews and Christians claim that they are the followers of Ibrahim (AS), but their claim is wrong since Ibrahim (AS) never held partners with Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) says in the Quran Al-Baqarah # 140
Or say you that Ibrahim, Ismael, Ishaq, Yaqub, and Al-Asbat were Jews or Christians? Say, “Do you know better or does Allah know better (that they all were Muslims)?” And who is more unjust than he who conceals the tetimony he has from Allah? And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
Allah describes this testimony received by the People of the Book and how clearly they know this evidence. Al-Baqarah # 146
Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christian) recognise him (Mohammad (SAS)) as they recognise their sons. But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it (i.e the qualities of Mohammad (SAS) which are written in their books.
Obviously the learned scholars of the People of the Book hide this truth intentionally for worldly gains. Inspite of this, their various claims are stunning. For example the People of the Book say in Al-Baqarah # 111
None shall enter in Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say (O Mohammad (SAS)), “Produce your proof if you are truthful.”
Similarly they claim: Al-Baqarah # 80
And they (Jews) say, “The fire (i.e. Hell-fire on the Day of Resurrection) shall not touch us but for a few numbered days.” Say (O Mohammad (SAS) to them): “Have you taken a covenant from Allah, so that Allah will not break his Covenant? Or is it that you say of Allah what you know not?
The claims of the People of the Book do not hold water, and make one wonder about any credibility or logic in it. That’s why Allah (SWT) says in Al-Imran # 65
O people of the scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you dispute about Ibrahim, while the Taurat and the Injeel were not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense?
Allah further says Al-Imran # 68
Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and this Prophet Mohammad (SAS) and those who have believed (Muslims). Allah is the Protector and Helper of the believers.
The tactics of these the People of the Book are very alarming as again described in Quran Al-Imran # 72
And a party of the people of the Scripture say: “Believe in the morning in that which is revealed to the believers (Muslims), and reject it at the end of the day, so that they may turn back.”
Similarly Allah (SWT) says in Al-Imran # 78
And verily, among them is a party who distort the book with their tongue (as they read), so that you may think it is from the book, but it is not from the book, and they say: “This is from Allah,” but it is not from Allah; and they speak a lie against Allah while they know it.
Allah (SWT) consoles Prophet Mohammad (SAS) who is striving extremely hard to give the People of the Book true guidance. Allah (SWT) says Al-Baqarah # 75-77
Do you hope that they will believe in your religion in spite of the fact that a party of them (Jewish rabbis) used to hear the Word of Allah, then they used to change it knowingly after they understood it. And when they (Jews) meet those who believe (Muslims), they say, “We believe but when they meet one another in private, they say, “Shall you (Jews) tell them (Muslims) what Allah has revealed to you [Jews, about the description and the qualities of Prophet Mohammad (SAS), that which are written in Taurat ], that they (Muslims) may argue with you (Jews) about it before your Lord?” Have you (Jews) then no understanding? Know they (Jews) not that Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal.
Thats why Allah (SWT) says Al-Baqarah # 79
Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, “This is from Allah,” to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby.
Finally Allah (SWT) invites them to the right path saying in Al-Imran # 64
Say “O people of the book (Jews and Christian): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partner with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah.
It is interesting to note that the People of the Book are not all alike. As Allah says in Surah Al-Imran # 75
Among the people of the Book (Jews and Christians) is he who, if entrusted with a hoard of gold will readily pay it back; and among them there is he who, if entrusted with a single silver coin, will not repay it unless you constantly stand demanding, because they say; “There is no blame on us to betray and take the properties of the illiterates. But they tell a lie against Allah while they know it.
Quran also declares in Al-Imran # 113-114
Not all of them are alike; a party of the people of the Book stand for the right, they recite the Verses of Allah during the hours of the night, prostrating themselves in prayer. They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and they hasten in good works; and they are among the righteous.
I pray to Allah (SWT) to show the true guidance to the People of the book which was originally revealed to them and which was no different than the Quran. Ameen.