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Prophet Mohammed (SAS) made a supplication at the time of his migration from Makkah. He said, “O Allah (SWT), You have brought me out of Your most beloved city. Please take me to Your most favorite city in this world.” Allah (SWT) granted his dua and he (SAS) migrated to Madina Munawarah. Hence Madina is the best city in this world. Note that the Prophet (SAS) chose to return to Madina to live rest of his life even after the conquest of Makkah.
Whenever the Prophet (SAS) used to reach near Madina during a journey, he used to somewhat speed up and used to remove his cover from his face to let the soothing air of Madina embrace his face. He said that even the dust of Madina has healing effect. That is why another name of Madina is Shafiah or healer of diseases.
He (SAS) instructed his companions to wish for death in Madina since he (SAS) will be the intercessor and witness on the Day of Judgment for those buried in Madina. Caliph Omer (RU) used to make dua, “O Allah, make me a martyr and make me die in the city of Your Prophet (SAS).”
Allah (SWT) fulfilled his both wishes.
Prophet Mohammed (SAS) made this dua, “O Allah, Ibrahim (AS) is Your worshiper and friend. He made supplication for the peace and prosperity of the residents of Makkah.I am Your worshipper and Prophet too. I request You to double Your blessings for the residents of Madina as compared to Makkah. Please make our weighing and measuring of various items full of blessings too.”
Madina helps a person to get rid of his sins just like a furnace removes the impurities of silver. As mentioned in Sahihain, if a person eats seven Ajwa dates of Madina in his breakfast, no poison or magic will harm this person.
Masjid Nabawi and Masjid Quba of Madina are based on ultimate piety. The minber of Masjid Nabawi will be step to enter Paradise. The area between the minber and the Prophet’s grave is one of the gardens of Paradise. The Uhud Mountain is a mountain of Paradise and Prophet (SAS) loved this mountain. The Prophet (SAS) will intercede and witness those buried in Baqee cemetery in Madina.
All cities were conquered by the Muslim by sword. Madina is the only city conquered by the teachings and blessings of Quran.Dajjal will not be able to enter the heart of the city of Madina.
The Prophet (SAS) said, “Iman will return back to Madina just like the snake returns back to his hole.”
The Prophet (SAS) said, “Show respect to the residents of Madina. I not only migrated to Madina but also my grave will be in Madina and I shall rise on the Day of Judgment from the city of Madina. You should honor the rights of the residents of Madina since they are my neighbors. Try to overlook their mistakes and shortcomings. If a person will honor the rights of my neighbors, I shall intercede and witness for that person on the Day of Judgment. If a person ignores the rights of my neighbors, he will be made to drink washing of the wounds on the Day of Judgment.“
The details of the Prophet’s Mosque can be seen in my book ‘Reminders for People of Understanding’. However a few general comments are given below:
1- There was no mehrab in Masjid Nabawi at the time of Prophet (SAS) and his four Caliphs. Omar bin Abdul Aziz constructed a mehrab in 91H.
2- There were no minarets in Masjid Nabawi at the time of Prophet (SAS) and his four Caliphs. Omar bin Abdul Aziz built four minarets at the four corners of this Masjid in 91 H.
3- Initially there was no minber or pulpit and the Prophet (SAS) delivered sermon by leaning against trunk of a tree in the mosque. During 8 H, a wooden pulpit was made consisting of three steps.
4- The various columns or pillars in the old Prophet’s Mosque are at the same spot where they were at the time of the Prophet (SAS). Many columns have great significance.
5- The houses for the rightly guided Caliphs were as follows:
Abu Bakr’s (RU) house was adjacent to the west wall of the Prophet’s Mosque and it was in line with the present Bab Siddique. Abu Bakr (RU) had another house on the eastern side of the mosque which was on the street leading from Bab Jibreel to Baqee. Abu Bakr (RU) was in this house during his last days and died here too.
Omar’s (RU) house was between Bab Rhmah and Bab Siddique. During Salat-ul-Juma the rows of worshipers used to extend into Omar’s (RU) house. Osman (RU) had two houses. The large house was just outside present Bab Baqee.
Osman (RU) became martyr in the northern part of this house. He had a smaller house near the northeastern corner of his large house.
Ali’s (RU) house was just north of the Sacred Chamber or Aisha’s (RU) hut. There was mehrab tahajjud in the southern wall of Ali’s (RU) house.