Allah (SAS) says in Surah Al-Anam # 151
“Say: come, I shall recite to you that which your Lord has made sacred for you: that you ascribe nothing as partner to Him and that you do good to parents and that you slay not your children because of poverty–We will provide for you and for them–and do not draw near shameful things whether in the open or hidden. You slay not the life which Allah (SWT) has made sacred, save in the course of justice. This He has commanded you in order that you may understand.”
This verse and the following two verses use the word ‘wasiyyat’(or will) thrice all together. In other words, Allah (SWT) is commanding us or insisting on us to follow these commandments.
It is mentioned in Tafseer Ibn Kaseer that Abdullah bin Masoud (RU) said that if someone wanted to see the will of Prophet Mohammad (SAS) with his seal on it then he should read these three verses which he left for his Ummah.
Hakam wrote that Ubada bin Samit (RU) narrated that Prophet Mohammad (SAS) once addressed the companions and asked them who would give him allegiance on these three verses. Prophet Mohammad (SAS) added that whosoever would fulfill this covenant his reward was assured by Allah (SWT).
In these verses ten different things are called Haram. The approach of the Quran is inviting since it uses commands rather than negations. It starts with the word come, let me tell you as if somebody is inviting someone from a high platform to raise the level of the listener higher and higher. It states, “Let me tell you what Allah (SWT) has forbidden you”. It is emphasized here that we are not allowed to make Haram as Halal and Halal as Haram yourself. After this general statement, each Haram is mentioned separately and clearly.
Let us now describe each item one by one:
First of all, do not make any partners with Allah (SWT). Shirk can be exercised in various forms:
· Making actual partners with Allah (SWT) as the Jews and Christians have done.
· Though believing that Allah (SWT) does everything but regards others true means of success in various means of affairs.
· To pray but to show off.
· To spend in the name of Allah (SWT) to gain personal recognition.
Prophet Mohammad (SAS) said, “Nothing can benefit you without the will of Allah (SWT) and nothing can harm you without the will of Allah (SWT).”
Shirk is mentioned first because it is the greatest crime. Allah (SWT) does not forgive it at all.
Ubada bin Samit and Abu Darda narrated that Prophet Mohammad (SAS) said that, “Do not make partners with Allah (SWT) even if you are put into the gallows or even if you are burnt alive.”
Next, we are commanded to be good to our parents. It is interesting that it could have been stated: “Do not disobey your parents.” But the approach of the Quran is fantastic. Allah (SWT) says not only obey but also be good to them so that they are fully pleased with you. Al-Isra#24
Remain submissively obedient to them.
Allah also says:Al-Isra # 23
Your Lord has made this decision so that you should not worship any other than Him and be good to your parents.
Allah (SWT) further states: Surah Luqman # 14
Thank Me and your parents; for you must return to Me.
In other words Allah (SWT) says that if you don’t thank Him and your parents you will be punished when you return to Him. In all these verses the rights of parents are mentioned just after the rights of Allah (SWT). The rights of parents have a very high priority in the eyes of Allah (SWT).
Abdullah bin Masoud (RU) narrates “I asked Prophet Mohammad (SAS), “What was the best deed?” He replied, “Pray on time.” I asked “What next?” He said, “To treat parents with goodness.” I asked “What next?” He said “To strive and fight in the way of Allah (SWT).”
Abu Hurairah (RU) narrates that one day Prophet Mohammad said thrice:
“He is doomed!” The companions asked, “Oh Prophet Mohammad (SAS) who is doomed?” He said, “Whosoever comes across one or both of his parents in their old age and did not enter heaven.” (Muslim)
This means if one serves his parents pleasingly and pleasantly in their old age, paradise is promised for that person. Here the condition of old age of the parents is specified to earn paradise. Because that is the time when they are weak and helpless.
Next Allah (SWT) describes the rights of children. Allah (SWT) is commanding us not to kill our children due to fear of poverty. Allah (SWT) will provide for them just as He is providing for you. Al-Isra # 31
We provide for them and you too.
Here it is pointed out that children who are weak and incapable of supporting themselves deserve provisions more than you. Hence Allah (SWT) is providing for you for their sake and they are a blessing for you and in no way a burden.
Look at a seed which grows into a tree and bears fruits. Parents do not grow it. Allah (SWT) does it. In this way Allah (SWT) will provide all of you with unlimited and unseen bounties. If we do not give Islamic education and training to our children that would also mean killing our children, since the Quran calls such a person a dead person who does not recognise and obey Allah (SWT). Hence those people who ignore the Islamic education and training are guilty of killing their children. This spiritual killing is worse than physical killing. The sins children commit due to lack of spiritual guidance, potentially ruin their future.
Allah (SWT) commands us not to go close to immoral activities which may be open or hidden. Open activity could mean activity by tongue, hand, or foot and the like. Hidden activities mean jealousy, lust, ungratefulness, and impatience. Open activity could also mean, public sexual notions. For example, looking towards another woman with bad intentions, touch her with hands, or talk to her with bad intentions. Hidden activities also mean to make secret plans which include some or all the activities mentioned above. Prophet Mohammad (SAS) warned us not to go close to doubtful situations or grey areas as they lead to sins. Prophet Mohammad (SAS) said:
“Whosoever hovers around forbidden areas, it is very likely that he will enter that.”
Allah (SWT) also commands us not to kill anyone who’s killing Allah (SWT) has forbidden to you.
Abdullah bin Masood narrates that Prophet Mohammad (SAS) said: “You are not allowed to kill any Muslim except for the following reasons:
-Married person who commits adultery.
-Who kills another person unjustly.
-Who becomes kafir after accepting Islam. (Muslim &Bukhari)
Calif Usman (RU) reminded people about this hadith when they were trying to kill him.
Similarly killing of a non-muslim unjustly is not allowed in Islam.
Abu Hurrairah narrarates that Prophet Mohammad (SAS) said, “He who kills a non-muslim in a muslim state unjustly breaks the covenant of Allah (SWT). He who breaks the covenant of Allah will not be able to smell the perfume of paradise although it reaches a distance traversed in seventy years.”
I pray that Allah enables us to understand these commands and follow them sincerely. Ameen.